Types of System Software

This article attempts to explain the various types of system software and their functions. Read the article to get your concepts cleared about this subject.
TAGGED UNDER: Computer Software
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A system software is the backbone of a computer. On one hand, it regulates the operation of the computer hardware to perform the necessary user-oriented functions, and on the other, it also provides the basic framework to enable smooth running of the various application software. To put it simply, it is the basic platform upon which the computer runs its hardware and enables the user to derive full computing functionality of the various application software and get his work done. Now, speaking of the types of system software, there are four basic categories under which the classification can be done. These are:-
The Basic Input Output System (BIOS) or boot loader, which defines the firmware interface and loads the OS;
The device firmware that controls the operation and performance of the computer hardware;
The operating system (OS) which allows the user to interact with the hardware and get the desired outcome by carrying data between RAM and storage disks, displaying the desired result on the output device (monitor/LCD) and by acting as the platform to allow various other system and application software to run on the computing device;
Various utility software that regulate the computer functionality by analyzing its performance, configuring and optimizing its processes and thereby, carrying out system maintenance functions.
Different Types of System Software Programs

A system software is a collection of software programs that enable the user to interact with the computing device without getting lost among the complexities of technical interactions between mechanical parts and machine-oriented codified programs. These programs are the building blocks that construct the entire system software architecture including the parts that regulate input/output functions, those that provide application software platforms and the various different types of operating system software component programs.

Boot Firmware: Also known as boot loaders, these programs are the first ones to run when a PC is started. A boot loader loads and runs the main operating system on the computer when it starts. This component is also known as BIOS on IBM compatible computing devices.

Database Management Systems: This is a set of programs that manage and regulate the user database right from creation to maintenance and extending to the use of such database. The DBMS is responsible for allowing different user applications to access a single database at the same time. This set of programs is what lies at the base of all computer network models that enable users to retrieve data from an integrated collection in a structured manner and does away with the user having to write complex programs in machine language to extract information from the data pool.

Output Interface: This program determines whether the desktop environment will be in the form of a character user interface (CUI as seen on DOS and older OS versions) or if it will be in the form of a graphical user interface (GUI as seen from latest OS, a norm made common by Windows). Also, besides determining the desktop environment, these programs also provide various options that allow the user to access other features of the OS from the desktop.

Virtual Machine Monitors: Also known as hypervisors, these programs allow multiple operating systems to run on a single host computer system simultaneously. These other computer systems that access the host are known as guests and the host is able to allow multiple operating systems to run simultaneously under the hardware virtualization process.

Link Editors: Commonly known as linkers, link editors collect multiple object files that the compiler programs, generate, and put them together as an executable program, which is capable of performing desired tasks as instructed by codified instructions.

Loaders: A loader is an inbuilt component of the operating system that loads programs onto the computer memory and makes them ready for execution. This process involves loading the program text from the executable file onto the computer memory and preparing the executable file to run. This is one of the various initial stages involved in running any program on the operating system.

Shell: Shells are programs that make the interaction between the kernel of the OS and the user possible. It is the outer layer of a computing interface that makes information interchange between the OS and the user possible.

Utility Software: These programs offer the various maintenance and performance evaluation utility tools to configure and optimize the various processes that influence the performance of your computer. Disk cleaners, anti-virus software, data compression programs, disk drive partition utilities, storage, backup and archiving programs, etc., are some of the common examples of utility software.

I am sure this brief discussion has helped clarify a few things regarding the basic software/program architecture of a standard computing system. System software consists of those basic sets of programs that are essential for a computing device to run the most elementary function – establish interaction between the user and the device so as to make exchange of instructions and outputs possible. Also, various such components also make sure that the computer system is kept under such a condition that this elementary function can be carried out without any sort of disruption.

Top Photo Slideshow Software

Photo slideshow software transform photos into amazing movies. So, if you were on the lookout for some good slideshow making software, then your search will end here. We, at Buzzle, have listed out the top 5 photo slideshow software.
TAGGED UNDER: Computer Software
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“A photograph is usually looked at―seldom looked into.”
― Ansel Adams
Photos speak more than words. But, what about professional slideshows and movies? They convey more than what still images can. Making professional-looking video clips is not an easy task, but you can create a great photo slideshow if you have some good quality images.

Slideshows are basically similar to slow motion videos, but can convey more emotions than videos. Check out our list of some of the best photo slideshow software available, and breathe new life into your old and memorable photos.

Photodex ProShow
Photodex is a known name in the field of digital imaging. Their ProShow line consists of three paid software products―ProShow Gold, ProShow Producer, and ProShow Web. ProShow Web lets you create slideshows out of your photos, videos, and music, online. You can then share these slideshows on your social networks. ProShow Gold lets you do much more than the Web version of Proshow. It not only lets you create basic photo slideshows, but also spice them up with transition effects. It can also write the slideshows to optical discs and convert them to various popular video formats. ProShow Producer is a professional photo slideshow software that supports all the features of the Gold version, plus a few more functionalities like keyframing, masking, etc.

MAGIX Photostory
Photostory, as the name suggests, allows the user to create a story out of the photos by transforming them into a movie. Its includes a wide variety of features ranging from making slideshows for TV, PC, and Blu-Ray, HDR effects, support for 3D and up to 4K resolution to automatic image optimization, and graphic designing. It has everything that you will ever need in a photo slideshow software.

Wondershare DVD Slideshow Builder Deluxe
This software too lets you create awesome-looking slideshows out of photos, music, and video clips, and then burn them to a DVD, and other portable storage media. Slideshow Builder Deluxe is very easy to use and automatically applies 100 random transition effects to the added photos. The user can then change/edit these effects as per his/her liking, or leave them as they are. You can add several audio tracks in the background, and even add a voice over to the slideshow. Slideshow Builder Deluxe also comes with some basic photo-editing capabilities like cropping, red-eye removal, adding captions, etc.

Cyberlink MediaShow
Just like other photo slideshow software, MediaShow lets you create great-looking movies and slideshows from your photos. Other features include Instant View, photo tagging using FaceMe, photo editing, social network uploading, etc.

Microsoft PowerPoint
PowerPoint is very easy to use and offers good amount of features for office and college presentations, and photo slideshows. So, if you are not interested in fancy animation and want to create a professional-looking slideshow, then PowerPoint won’t disappoint you.

The 13 Best Software for Making Dubstep Music

It is impossible to make dubstep music unless you are equipped with the right software. But how does one decide which of the many options available is the best dubstep maker? Allow Buzzle to guide you.
TAGGED UNDER: Music Computer Software
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Dubstep, In A Nutshell
Dubstep is an immensely popular genre of music, which made its advent in the early ’90s in the UK, and had influences from the ’70s’ reggae, Jamaican electronic music, dancehall, hip hop, and many other myriad avenues. Although it started out as a fairly underground genre, in the late 90s, it gained popularity in the USA, and various sub-genres stemmed from it, including ‘brostep’, which is identified by the non-music-connoisseur as the widely played music made by creative genius, artist Sonny Moore, aka Skrillex. The genre has now become so widespread, that mainstream artists of today, such as Britney Spears, Rihanna, and many more have incorporated it in their songs too.
Whether you are an aspiring EDM artist, a audio engineering-enthusiast looking to experiment, or simply bored, and looking to channel your pent up energy into something creative, making dubstep music is the ideal path to turning the monotony into awesomeness. A fan of the genre would hardly need a tutorial regarding the structure and general impression of a dubstep song. Anyhow, even beginners need not worry, because the genre itself is evolving daily, and actually, artists are the ones who deflect the trends and tastes of this music. Also, dubstep music is 99% electronically generated from samples of bass, percussion, and melody, put together using software, and unless an artist personally wishes to record in a studio, he (or she) can mull over, and produce his (or her) masterpiece from his own bedroom!

The software used to make dubstep music is of utmost importance in this connection. Since it literally sculpts and raises the song from scratch, it is evident that without the appropriate software to suit your needs, it will not be possible to produce music that is truly ethereal or transcendental in the way that we perceive our favorite dubstep songs. The right software for an artist can differ based on whether he or she is using a laptop or a tablet/smartphone. Also, there are some kinds of software that would be more conducive to an amateur’s or first-timer’s needs. While some are free to download, others could cost more than USD 500! We aim to provide you a guide that will help you select the dubstep-maker that is perfect for you.

INDEX

I. Options for Newbies

1. FL Studio
2. Reason
3. Logic
4. BTV Solo

II. Experts’ Favorites

1. Ableton Live
2. Pro Tools
3. Sonar
4. ACID
5. REAPER
6. Cubase
7. Samplitude

III. The Best Free Software

1. GarageBand
2. ACID Xpress

Disclaimer: Prices mentioned in this article are subject to change according to offer and location.

Options for Newbies

A common mistake that beginners make is that they get carried away by marketing gimmicks that profess simplicity to the level that understanding the software’s working is child’s play, unmatched cost, highlighted features that are actually prerequisites, and a lot more. What freshers in this field need to remember is that all legitimately good software obviously have a learning curve, and that if one encounters a cost that is too good to be true, it probably is.

If you aren’t really serious about making music and are actually looking for something that is easy on the pocket, and will not take much effort, yet will give you sounds that seem ‘cool’, you could opt for names like DUBTurbo, Dr Drum, or Sonic Producer, which have been successful in targeting that sort of market and seem to provide customer satisfaction too. However, Buzzle recommends the following software as the stepping stone into the big scene, as they provide authentic learning opportunities and a professional-feeling experience:

1. FL Studio

FL Studio 11 Fruity Edition: USD 99
(box version retail) USD 139

★ Formerly known as Fruity Loops, FL Studio is a name one will hear a number of times while setting out to make dubstep music.
★ Apart from being one of the best software that can be used to make custom beats, the interesting and rare features available on it include the ability to drag and drop loops, and then open and edit their parameters, and also, to copy and paste with ease.
★ The interface of this software itself is intelligently designed, so as to put minimal strain on the eyes of the artist during long working hours.
★ And of course, key features of any DAW, like an extensive range of samples, drum patches, loops, etc., to choose from, and support for VST plug-ins, and external input, are present in Fruity Loops.
★ On both PCs and Mac computers, one can download the demo version first, which can double as your tutorial, and later purchase the complete software. The Fruity Edition is suggested for beginners.

Click here to download/purchase from the official website.

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2. Reason

Reason 8 Full Version: USD 369
(upgrade from previous version) USD 129
Reason Essentials 8: USD 99

★ Developed by the Swedish developers, Propellerhead Software, Reason is not just one of the DAWs more favored by veteran dubstep developers, but is also widely recommended to freshers, because it is a complete package in itself. It provides you tools to create your sound from the beginning, and comes with a wide range of samples.
★ There is also a wide scope for experimentation, with support for plug-ins, and compatibility with external input hardware.
★ It can even be used in collaboration with other software, such as Cubase.
★ The internet is replete with tutorials for learning to use the software, so aspiring dubstep artists can leave their worries behind and safely invest their money in Reason.
★ Similar to FL Studio, a demo version is available for download, and if you feel you have found the right software for yourself, you can unlock the full software once you purchase it. There are versions for both Windows as well as Mac OS.

Click here to download/purchase from the official website.

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3. Logic

Logic Pro X: USD 199 (on Apple iStore)

★ A premium dubstep-making tool with the only notable drawback being that it is only supported on Mac OS computers, as Apple Inc. is its developer. Logic is an extremely good choice for budding dubstep artists.
★ It provides a host of interesting features; from a virtual drum session player to a large number of patches, strings, bass lines, voice effects, instruments, and a lot more.
★ It even supports the use of external input, such as a midi keyboard.
★ Apple’s love for integrating programs on their various platforms allows you remote access on other devices, such as an iPad, using an app. The perfect option for aspiring artists of this genre who are mainly patrons of Apple devices, Logic is one of our top recommendations.

Click here to download/purchase from the official website.

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4. BTV Solo

BTV SOLO Standard Library: USD 27

★ A software that can be used as a standalone DAW as well as in collaboration with other beat making software as a plug-in, BTV Solo is a much-liked, easy-to-use beat maker, that comes with a massive library of samples.
★ An interesting feature of this software is that if you miss the beat (which you absolutely shouldn’t, if you want to be a professional sound artist), the quantizer automatically sets it right by synchronizing with the tempo.
★ Its pros also include affordable pricing.
★ However, although BTV Solo allows you to draw inputs from external hardware, it doesn’t support VST and AU plug-ins in the Standard Library Version.
★ Nevertheless, it has a very user-friendly, minimalistic interface, and is thus quite easy to learn. Moreover, the developers themselves have posted tutorial videos on YouTube, and hence, it is the ideal option for beginners.

Click here to download/purchase from the official website.

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Experts’ Favorites

Generally, professional dubstep artists and producers of other genres of EDM tend to start with one software, and then get so accustomed to it that they stay loyal to it. What’s more, they make truly mind-blowing music on that very basic software. This is the case with software like FL Studio and Reason, which are not just great for beginners to learn, but also provide support for more professional requirements, for example, the ability to use something from it as a plug-in on a higher software.

Any professional music producer will tell you that the commercially successful music, because of which they rake in millions, was not designed on one software, but rather, their elements were separately created on different software which possess optimized tools for each particular niche. Unfortunately for us, truly professional software cost way more than beginners’ ones; however, they have a broader scope of functionality, and that is why they are favored by celebrity artists. We would like to name a few software that you should consider investing your energy and money in, if you plan to turn professional.

1. Ableton Live

Ableton Live 9 Intro: USD 99
Ableton Live 9 Standard: USD 449
Ableton Live 9 Suite: USD 749

★ The legendary artist who showed the masses that anyone with passion can create magic when it comes to dubstep, Skrillex, stated in an interview once that Ableton Live is his favorite beat making tool. However, the hype is not the real reason that a professional artist should prefer to opt for AL.
★ With tailor-made versions for Windows as well as Mac OS, AL is the absolute EDM artists’ package; it allows producers to compose, rearrange, mix, record, and master (a technique to fine-tune a finished song) the music they envision, as well as DJ-centric tools like a crossfader and beatmatcher.
★ The software not only comes with built-in instruments to CREATE BEATS, but there are versions of external hardware that are created especially for it (like the Akai APC40 MIDI controller).
★ Sound engineers who love digital signal processing can allow their creativity to flow freely, as they are provided a vast choice of samplers, filters, compressors, equalizers, limiters, and so much more.
★ More than anything else, the software by itself allows artists to work intuitively, and this is what makes it so popular amongst celebrity dubstep and other EDM-genre atrists.

Click here to download/purchase from the official website.

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2. Pro Tools

Avid Pro Tools 11: USD 699
AIR Vacuum Pro plug-in: USD 149.99

★ Another software that possesses compatibility with different operating systems, this music production software has been developed by Avid Technology.
★ While it is often used to produce film scores or for TV and film sound recording, Pro Tools does possess some effective and incredibly handy features to help dubstep music production, such as its midi capabilities.
★ The software allows one to edit and mix tracks, add effects, and has a number of digital signal processing tools.
★ It supports external inputs and comes with a number of plug-ins, including Vacuum―a plug-in that lets you create the spacey wobble sound that is a characteristic of dubstep music.
★ Pro Tools is a very good option for making remixes.

Click here to download/purchase from the official website.

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3. Sonar

Sonar X3: USD 99 (upgrade for USD 49)
Sonar X3 Studio: USD 199 (upgrade for USD 99)
Sonar X3 Producer: USD 499 (upgrade for USD 149)

★ A DAW that is exclusive to Windows, Sonar by Cakewalk is one of music producers’ favorites worldwide. Since there are three different models based on one’s expertise and monetary capabilities, one can choose the version best suited for oneself.
★ It has a very mature platform (ACT, or Active Control Technology, is used in Sonar to modify the parameters of midi devices), and equips artists with handy tools for all their professional mixing, recording, producing, and mastering needs.
★ This software gives artists very professional support for VST plug-ins, and allows a wide variety of inputs.
★ With comprehensive features and reasonable pricing, Sonar is simply one of the BEST OPTION for professionals who wish to make dubstep music.

Click here to download/purchase from the official website.

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4. ACID

ACID Music Studio 10: USD 59.95 (upgrade for USD 29.95)
ACID Pro: USD 149.95

★ Sony has always been the pioneer of revolutionary new concepts. When Sony Creative Software ACID was released in 1998, it took the world by storm. It has come a long way from its original premise of rearranging sample loops, with support for VST and midi inputs.
★ ACID comes with built-in tutorials for beginners, and is available in two versions; ACID Pro with advanced tools, and the less expensive version, yet equally effective, Acid Music Studio.
★ The ACID loops technology originally spearheaded by this software, where one could just drag-and-drop a loop, has been implemented in competing software like Sonar and Cubase.
★ This software is a favorite of old-school loyalists. It comes with a user-friendly interface that even beginners will be comfortable with, and yet allows one to produce music in a professional manner comparable to any extensive, feature-packed DAW.

Click here to download/purchase from the official website.

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5. REAPER

Full license: USD 225
Discounted license (for individuals, educational institutions, gross annual commercial turnover less than USD 20,000): USD 60

★ Employing innovative wordplay, REAPER is actually an acronym for Rapid Environment for Audio Production, Engineering, and Recording. It was developed by Cockos, and is a shareware that is distributed with an uncrippled evaluation license.
★ With versions for both Windows as well as Mac, REAPER supports VST plug-ins on all platforms, but allows for DirectX plug-ins only on Windows, and AU plug-ins only on Mac OS X.
★ This software has tailor-made built-in support for different branded hardware controllers, and thus, exudes professionalism as far as customer requirements go, in a superior manner.
★ It also provides the right encouragement for budding professionals; for individual artists, its license is heavily discounted, and it provides an ideal research environment as well.

Click here to download/purchase from the official website.

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6. Cubase:

Cubase Elements 7 Full Version: USD 99.99
Cubase 7.5 (update from Cubase 7): USD 49.99

★ One of the first DAWs ever created, the first version of German musical software and equipment company, Steinberg’s Cubase was released in 1989.
★ It is a powerful tool, and plug-ins from a number of other software of similar nature, such as FL Studio, to make dubstep music as desired. It has versions for both Mac computers, as well as PCs.
★ This software is especially renowned for its ability to create amazing synth sounds.
★ The new version 7.5 update has brought with it a wonderful selection of new features, effects, and instruments. The re-record feature is a great example, and it allows users to instantly record again from the starting position.
★ It is a brilliant and very useful software and is favored by a lot of professionals.

Click here to download/purchase from the official website.

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7. Samplitude

MAGIX Samplitude Music Studio 2015: USD 99.99
MAGIX Samplitude PRO X: USD 499
MAGIX Samplitude PRO X Suite: USD 999

★ The beauty of this product, by MAGIX, is its uncompromising audio. It provides the perfect DAW environment, enabling artists to rearrange samples, and produce, mix, record, and edit songs.
★ Apart from interesting, handy tools (like, for example the time freeze and stretch function) for editing, and of course effects and mastering tools, Samplitude provides users a convenient way to organize their workflow, with functions such as the capability to zoom objects, and customizable toolbars.
★ You can also use sound analysis tools to monitor your work; there are a number of visual tools, including a direction meter, and peak meter, that come with this software.
★ Apart from the above, thanks to the advanced features like 64-bit and multi-core support, the internal hybrid audio engine, support for every kind of external hardware, VST plug-in, and midi, and surround sound (5.1) mixing, Samplitude is one of the most powerful DAWs in the market today.

Click here to download/purchase from the official website.

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The Best Free Software

The most essential things in the world may be free for all, but unfortunately that rule does not apply to dubstep making software, in which case, the free stuff is generally of poor quality with hardly any capability, or which may be a scam in some way. In fact, you should beware of free beat making software, as they may be malware in disguise waiting for you to download them.

However, do not be disheartened if you are a newbie and do not want to take the risk of spending a lot of money on software and equipment, when you are yourself not sure how long your tryst with music will last. There are a handful of inexpensive software available, exclusively for new artists like you. Also, many of the big names offer you a free-to-download demo, or trial version, which you can use for a limited time period, and can gauge if that particular software is the right tool or not. Other kinds of software also exist, where you can download the basic version for free; however, if you wish to update it, unlock a number of advanced features, or otherwise simply ask for technical support, you are charged. This is also a good option that you can look into. Meanwhile, we have unearthed information about a couple of software options that are inherently free of charge.

1. GarageBand

GarageBand is FREE to download on all Apple operating systems (iOS, as well as Mac); however, a one time in-app purchase of USD 4.99 can be made for additional instruments

★ For just a mere app, as opposed to powerful software packages that professionals use to produce music, GarageBand from Apple is surprisingly feature-packed.
★ One can do a lot with this app, from composing music from scratch with the help of built-in instruments to taking music lessons from experts, to MAKING BEATS, recording, mixing, editing, and much more.
★ It can even accept plug-ins and external input devices.
★ With its large number of features and easy-to-understand interface, it is literally one of the most useful software ever that beginners as well as experienced artists can use. And best of all, apart from in-app purchases if you want to access an even wider variety of effects, it is completely free to download.
★ The only drawback is that it is an Apple-only app; however, it can be integrated across the many Apple platforms. Apple has repeatedly updated and perfected this app to function with the capability of their MUSIC MAKING software, Logic.

Click here to download/purchase from the official website.

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2. ACID Xpress

FREE of cost

★ The free version of Sony Creative Software’s ACID, the powerful MUSIC MAKING tool is equally awesome as the full version, albeit with a 10-track limitation.
★ Nevertheless, it offers you the opportunity to experiment in ways that other software do not, like in-line midi editing, freehand envelope drawing, alternate time signature support, and much more.
★ It simplifies the whole sound engineering process to painting loops onto a track base, playback, and editing. You have access to an extensive library of loops and samples, and the software also comes with integrated tutorials for beginners.
★ It is a wonderful first glance into what one can do with the full ACID Pro software, but it is quite powerful in itself, which is quite amazing for a free software, and beginners can learn a lot about loop-based MUSIC MAKING by using it.

Click here to download/purchase from the official website.

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So this was our take on the best software one could use to make dubstep. With so many software available to choose from, all that an aspiring artist of this genre needs to do is to find the correct launchpad (a metaphor for software; however, the use of an external midi controller-cum-launchpad-type hardware, to launch tracks, is a good add-on to your ensemble) to propel him or her to success. A lot of patience and perseverance is required while embarking on any field, so always keep yourself motivated, and mix on to success.

Best Picture Viewer Software

If you are looking for an image viewer software solely for the purpose of a quick-image-glance-through, look no further; you’ve come to the perfect page. This Buzzle article lists the 10 best picture viewer software for you to choose from.
TAGGED UNDER: Computer Software
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Did You Know?
Image viewers consist of fewer functions than ‘image editors’, and hence require lesser loading time. Therefore, it is advisable to install an image viewer when images are only to be viewed, and not edited.
Windows Operating Systems have the ‘Windows Image Viewer’ that comes preloaded. It displays images in a photo gallery window. The file formats it supports are BMP, PNG, GIF, JPEG, JPEG, XR, ICO, and TIFF. Developed by Microsoft, this freeware application was known as ‘Windows Picture and Fax Viewer’ for older versions such as Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. Its functions include displaying pictures, slideshow (pictures in a folder), online or direct printing, and reconstructing the images in 90-degree increments.

Nevertheless, besides this inbuilt viewer, there are quite a few other picture viewer software that are available for download and use. We’ll list the ten best (in no particular order), so that you can choose the one that suits your needs the best.

FastPictureViewer

Supported Formats: Supports most file formats, few of which are: JPEG 2000, HDR, Photoshop PSD, OpenEXR, TGA, DDS, Maya IFF, SGI RGB, Camera RAW, etc.

Compatible Operating Systems: Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003

Features: This freeware is developed by Axel Rietschin Software, and features a dark interface, such that the entire focus is on the image itself. It is a straightforward image viewer, which allows to quick-scan the contents of a picture folder in an easy way. This editor consists of very limited tools and supports very few image formats, compared to most other viewers. However, it is ideal for basic image viewing.

Get the Software: FastPictureViewer

Picasa

Supported Formats: WebP image format by Google, JPEG, RAW

Compatible Operating Systems: Windows, OS X

Features: This freeware application has been created by a company called Lifescape, which was later acquired by Google . It provides the functionality of a picture organizer , photo viewer, as well as photo sharing. Its features include importing of images, tagging faces, facial recognition, besides other editing functions such as cropping, color enrichment, and red-eye removal.

Get the Software: Picasa

Adobe Image Viewer

Supported Formats: Supports most file formats, few of which are: TIFF, PSD, JPEG, etc.

Compatible Operating Systems: Windows, Mac, Android

Features: This trial-based software has been developed by Adobe systems. The Adobe Image Viewer is compatible to work with full version of Adobe Acrobat 5.0 and higher, and Adobe Reader 5.0 and higher. It is used mainly for the purpose of viewing slideshows created by Adobe Photoshop. The slideshow can contain video and audio files, along with image files.

Get the Software: Adobe Image Viewer

IrfanView

Supported Formats: BMP, GIF, JPG, PPM, TGA, CX, ICO, PDF, PGM, PBM, JPM, Webp, MPEG, Camera RAW, ECW, PNG, JP2, JPM, TIFF, EMF, PPM

Compatible Operating Systems: Windows

Features: This is a non-commercial freeware application designed by Mr. Irfan Skiljan. The main functions of this software are viewing images, editing, and converting image files. This application can also play audio/video files. It is quite famous for its wide compatibility, from Windows 95 to Windows 8, Mac OS X using winebottler, and Linux under Wine. Media files of extensions Flash, MP3, MIDI, MP3, Ogg vorbis, and text files can also be viewed. This is a multilingual software, which provides various image scaling options. Editing images can be manual or automatic, which involves functions such as rotate, crop, or resize.

Get the Software: IrfanView

FastStone Image Viewer

Supported Formats: JPEG, JPEG 2000, TGA, PCX, PNG, WMF, TIFF, BMP, and Raw Digital camera files such as NEF, MRW, ORF, ARW, SRF, SR2, DNG, RW2, CRW, CR2, PEF, RAF

Compatible Operating Systems: Windows 98, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8

Features: This image viewer was designed by FastStone Soft. It is a speedy and easy-to-use image browser. Other features include an image editor and converter as well. It provides scanner support, image annotation, red-eye removal, cropping, resizing, retouching, color set-ups, emailing, and image comparison.

Get the Software: FastStone Image Viewer

XnView

Supported Formats: It supports over 500 file formats few of which include: ARF,AWD, BMF, CGM, CSV, DPX, DNG, JPEG/JFIF, JPEG XR, JPEG-LS, BMP

Compatible Operating Systems: Windows, Pocket PCs, Windows Mobile, Windows ME, OS X, Linux

Features: This viewer was developed by Pierre-Emmanuel Gougelet of XnSoft. It is a freeware for educational institutions and non-profit organizations, and commercial for other uses. Its main features include full-screen view, thumbnail view, filmstrip view, image comparison, besides resizing, cropping, rotation, contrast and brightness adjustments, and filtering and color modifications.

Get the Software: XnView

Vallen JPegger

Supported Formats: This software supports 40 different image formats, including JPG, PNG, TIFF, BMP

Compatible Operating Systems: Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows Vista (32-bit platform)

Features: This is a freeware developed by Vallen Systeme GmBH. This has been purely designed for the purpose of browsing through large folders for viewing pictures. Resizing images, print support, screenshot tool, slideshow mode, image rotation, and MP3 player function are additional features present in this application.

Get the Software: Vallen JPegger

PicViewer

Supported Formats: GIF, JPEG ,BMP, TGA, PNG, TIFF, PCD, PSD

Compatible Operating Systems: Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows ME, Windows NT

Features: This freeware has been developed by Anix Software. Its interface is easy-to-use, and similar to Windows Explorer. The features that are provided are slideshow, drag and drop, content menu, print support, built-in image converter, and image names can be given as command line.

Get the Software: PicViewer

InViewer

Supported Formats: TIF, BMP, PNG , GIF, JPG, ICO

Compatible Operating Systems: Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8

Features: Formerly known as GIF Viewer, this freeware merely serves the main purpose of image viewing. It is a small size application that speeds up image viewing. It consists of built-in buttons for easy navigation (left and right), slideshow, restart, rotation or flipping. This can be considered as one of the best photo viewer software for Windows 8.

Get the Software: InViewer

Fullscreen Photo Viewer

Supported Formats: JPG, BMP, PNG, MBM, TGA, TIFF, GIF

Compatible Operating Systems: Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8

Features: This viewer was designed by 4Neutrons, and is a freeware. Its features include deletion button, touchscreen computer compatibility, quick image display, color management, and 3D support. The main property of Fullscreen Photo Viewer is that it provides the ability to open image files from directories and sub-directories.

Get the Software: Fullscreen Photo Viewer

The wider the range of image formats supported and system compatibility, the more useful the software would be. Hence, these two features need to be considered while installing an image viewer on your system. But then, these are freeware, so you could uninstall such software if you aren’t satisfied with the performance, and install another one.

Top 5 Beat Making Software

Over the years, the art of MUSIC MAKING has evolved a great deal. With everything going digital these days, the music industry too is seeing a paradigm shift, with composers shifting from studios to the handy digital audio workstations on their laptops. From amongst the many worthy candidates in the market today, in the following Buzzle article, we select and list some of the best beat making software you can lay your hands on.
TAGGED UNDER: Music Computer Software
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Did you know?
The Digital Editing System developed by the company Soundstream, back in 1978, is considered to be the first beat making software. This software could make edits to the music recorded on a hard disk, and even provide effects such as crossfade.
Digital DJs are in the house, and the party is about to get wild. Come 2014, and we are witnessing the birth of Digital Disco. The bulky DJ stations of old are being replaced with the lightweight, yet equally powerful Digital Audio Workstation (DAW) software, running on laptops and tablets.

Over the years, the music scene has evolved a lot, as more and more big-time music composers and DJs have come to realize the musical potential of digital beat making software. The market too is now flooded with beat makers, ranging from the good, the bad, to the downright ugly! These days, it has become a colossal task to pick the right software for one’s unique style of music composition. To make it easier for you, we list 5 of the best beat making software in the market today. So, everybody, put your hands up in the air, because we are about to drop the bass with some of the best beat makers in the business.

DUBturbo

Are you an aspiring DJ? Do you want to give your music a ‘Turbo’ boost? Yes? Then you need to check out the DUB Turbo DAW. Engineered specially for the beginner or intermediate producers, this software suite is highly intuitive and easy to use.

Like a good teacher, DUBTurbo doesn’t bombard you with all the complexities of MUSIC MAKING all at once. Using a 16-track sound mixer, this software patiently teaches you the fine art of sound mixing. An automatic quantizer works in the background to maintain the tempo of your mixes.

You have access to a list of 2,000+ sounds and custom vocals, with the option of importing your own sounds to get your music just right. In addition to these, you have the facility of including other sounds, such as drums, guitars, keys, etc., into your mix. A 10-pad drum machine sequencer and a 4-octave keyboard gives the budding composer enough tools to master his craft.

DUBTurbo offers a lot for the very low price that it demands. Though it may not have enough customization capabilities for professional level music production, it certainly is a must-have for the newbie composer.

Sony ACID Music Studio 10

To say that the ACID is potent would perhaps be an understatement. Version 10 of this software comes loaded with features that are more than capable of dissolving the competition, especially in the video sound-editing department. However, there is plenty in store for the pure audiophile as well. The maximum sample rate has been jumped up to 192kHz, and the ACID also supports third-party VST instruments.

A new feature called event groups has been added, which allows grouping of audio and MIDI files across multiple tracks, so that they all move in sync with each other. Changes made to any one audio clip in the group―such as clipping or trimming―applies to the rest as well. The Beat-mapper tool automatically finds the tempo of an entire song, making it easy to remix. It also offers a good piano roll and grid time-line arrangement window for editing MIDI files.

However, Sony ACID Music Studio truly shows its mettle in the video sound-editing department. It allows you to add effects to individual audio events in the video, rather than to the channels alone. This is a very handy feature, which allows video makers to create their very own personalized soundtracks.

For audio creation, it presents you with more than 3,000 loops and 90 virtual instruments to customize your music, and is compatible with several plugins such as Dxi, VST, etc., giving it more digital versatility and virtual instrument support than many other competing software. Other useful features include audio processing tools such as Equalizer, reverb, delay, distortion echo, and other effects.

BTV Solo

When it comes to beat making software, BTV stands ‘Solo’. It is completely different to most popular software out there. For one thing, its GUI layout is unique. It is as simple in terms of design as they get, with all the controls fitting inside of just one window alone. But the most obvious difference you will notice is the absence of tracks and layers found in most mainstream beat makers. This can be a major hurdle for those migrating from other DAWs. However, once you get accustomed to its unique approach, you will find several appealing features within the software itself, making it quite desirable.

There are more than a hundred pre-made loops and over a thousand professionally created sounds at your disposal. The software uses automatic quantization to adjust the tempo of your mixes. There is even a section where you can edit WAV files, and add effects such as reverb, delay, etc. The Beats-Per-Minute (BPM) button allows you to obtain the time signature of a particular song, and then create your own song with the same signature.

Other useful features of this software include custom instrument creation, custom drum kit creation, on-board mixer and arranger, etc. Thus, using this software, you can arrange full songs using your keyboard alone. It allows you to sequence, customize and use sound banks, and mix and remix to create quality music for all the world to hear.

Dr. Drum

Sick of all the crappy music on the TV and the Internet these days? Feeling nauseous from the fact that you can make better? Well, then it’s about time you got a ‘Doctor’! Geared towards both beginners and advanced beat makers, Dr. Drum comes as one of the best software in this list. It offers a large number of options (much more than most other software on this list), and is designed particularly keeping in-experienced users in mind. But that is not to say that it is no good for the professionals. In fact, with its 44.1 Stereo 16 bit PCM and WAV format output, it is as professional as they get. Note that this is the same quality of audio that is used in radios, discos, clubs, etc.

To cure your musical sickness, Dr. Drum brings with it a completely loaded musical bag. It includes a 16-track sequencer, which allows you to change tracks with just a click or two from your mouse. There is also the option of adjusting the pitch and volume levels on each track. A 12-pad drum machine is available with a huge collection of high quality, exclusively mastered sounds to choose from. It even lets you add your own samples to the collection. Last but not the least, has a 4-octave keyboard which allows you to add pianos, synthesizers, guitars, FX, and many other sounds, completely eliminating the need for external MIDI files.

With so many options to choose from, Dr. Drum is a complete musical powerhouse. It has a neat intuitive user interface, and can export music in high quality WAV format, resulting in high fidelity and full sound. And to top it all, it is easy on the pocket, with the company claiming that it costs only as much as a dinner for two at any popular eating joint!

FL Studio 11

Descended from a long line of Fruity Loops software, and with a rich heritage of more than 16 years, FL Studio 11 is one of the best fruits, oh, I mean beat making software of our times!

It has come a long way since its inception back in 1997, and though its sound quality and quality of the software, as a whole, has evolved, the developers at Image-Line have made certain that even users from old times, those who were lost in the dense software jungle of beat making software, feel completely at home when they come back home to Fruity Loops.

It’s truly amazing how, even after so many years, the user interface on the FL Studio 11 still feels as familiar as it did back in the ’90s. It is still as easy and user-friendly as ever, and at the same time, it is quite capable of achieving professional level complexity, if one should desire so.

FL studio 11 comes loaded to the hilt, making it impossible to discuss all of its amazing features here. However, the following are some of the more notable ones.
Multi-touch Support: Going with the times, FL Studio has provided the facility of multi-touch recognition, to make it compatible with modern-day touchscreens.
Performance Mode: It can be used to trigger play-list clips during live performance, using a mouse, keyboard, MIDI-controller, and even touchscreens.
BassDrum: A new BassDrum Plugin gives you a huge set of drum creation options, even allowing you to build over your favorite sample. It also sounds deep and warm.
Effector: It provides 12 live performance-oriented effects, including delay, flanging, distortion etc., which can be controlled easily in the performance mode.
Playlist: Support for 199 playlist tracks.
Plugin Updates: The plugin picker allows you to choose from a list of updated plugins.
Lifetime Updates: A one-time purchase of FL Studio License entitles you to a lifetime of updates.
FL Studio 11 is truly the most evolved beat making software in the list. Its variety of features, ease of use, professional levels of audio output, and last but not the least, a lifetime of free updates, make it the best DAW software of our times.

So, there you have it! 5 of the best beat makers out there. No longer is MUSIC MAKING the property of the big-guns alone. All the amazing features now available in modern-day beat making software has ensured that quality music can be made anytime, anywhere, and by anyone. With a PC or a laptop in the bedroom, a little cash in the pocket, the right musical talent at heart, and a glittering dream in the eyes, anyone can attain musical stardom.

Tips Open a File with PRN Extension

PRN is a type of file that is created on the onset of printing. This article tells you how to open a file with a PRN extension.
TAGGED UNDER: Computer Software Printers
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Did You Know?
PRN can be used as a filename regardless of the extension.
The desktop publishing industry has undergone many changes. Before the printer could print out color or B/W, everything had to be done through code. Then came the PRN format, wherein the file contains the text to be printed and the instructions for a printer.

The earlier devices could print out ASCII characters and text. The next step in the evolution was the dot matrix printer, capable of printing grayscale graphics. Then came plotting, which used to cut vector shapes with the help of a stylus blade. However, there was no one device that could do both. But then came the Xerox machine, which could develop copies of a particular file. In the late sixties, the laser printer was invented. It could print graphics pretty easily.

With a PRN file, printing was all the more easy, as this file could translate the directions of the user and transfer them to the printer. You must have seen or heard about this file extension. But do you know how to use it? This Buzzle article will help you know what a PRN file is and how to open it.

What is a PRN File?

A PRN file gets created whenever you print a document. It contains instructions to print the file, the number of pages to be printed, which printer tray to use, as well as the content to be printed, similar to a PostScript file(.ps). PRN files are automatically created by the printer driver. These files contain a preview of the page you are about to print. This serves as a primary purpose to translate the input in the PRN file to the output. PRN files are Page Layout files.

PRN files are normally associated with Calcomp Raster Bitmap, PostScript File, HP Printer Control Language, Printer Text File, Signature Printer Driver, XYWrite Printer Driver, and FileViewPro. If you try to open it with a Notepad or Wordpad, it contains illegible text or garbage values.

How to Open a PRN File

Convert it to PDF

► Print the file and a default file with PRN extension can be seen accompanying the actual file.

► Navigate to the location of your file and rename it with .ps extension. Click outside the file to finish renaming the file.

► Go to Adobe Acrobat and select “Create PDF” to change your file format.

► If you have the older version of Adobe Distiller, just click File and then Open, find a name for it and save it in PDF format.

Microsoft Excel
If the PRN file is displayed with delimited columns, i.e., separated by a comma, we use Excel sheets for its compatibility with any database program. Most programs export data in the Comma Separated Value (CSV) format.

► Create a PRN file with no header, footer, or comments. The PRN file should contain a single row of field names and columns containing the data.

► Import the PRN file in Excel, click on the Data tab on the Ribbon, and choose “From Text”.

► It will prompt you with a data source. Select the directory containing the file and select the file.

► In the Text Import Wizard, select Fixed Width, since your data is aligned in fixed-width columns.

► If your file contains information about the file like the size and resolution in the header, then tell Excel to start importing data from the first row of field names or data.

► Excel will guess how to separate lines and insert columns accordingly. If you wish to format it differently, add, move, or remove lines.

OpenOffice

► Rename your ASCII file with the .txt extension.

► Select File and click on Open.

► Select File Type: Text CSV (.csv; .txt)

► Click Open after selecting the file. In the next dialog box that appears, select Separator Options. It displays different methods with which you can separate the data, for example, commas, tab, semicolon, etc. You can also preview your choices.

► The goal is to line up the data in visible cells. When the data lines up, click OK.

Command Prompt

► You can run PRN files via Command Prompt using some DOS commands.

► To do this, select “Run” from the Start menu and type cmd to open the Command Prompt.

► If your printer is connected via USB, type “COPY /B [filename.prn] \\[Computer Name]\[Shared Printer Name]”.

► If your printer is connected via an older port connection, type “COPY /B [filename.prn] LPT1:”.

(Just a side-note; don’t put any box brackets while typing the names.)

On MAC
Just drag and drop it on the printer icon to view the PRN file.

These were some of the methods through which you can open and view a PRN file. The misconception that people have is that you need the same type of printer to print PRN files. But the only thing required is the same printer driver installed on the computer.

Facility Maintenance Software

Facility Maintenance Software is an essential tool used for maintaining a control on the facilities offered in an organization. The software, with its powerful tools and features, completely automates equipment management by reducing the operator input during the initial stage and normal operations. By using the right facility maintenance software, an organized maintenance can be achieved in an easier manner. Various studies have revealed that the facility maintenance software helps the organizations to save about 15 percent of their maintenance budgets.

All companies, whether small or big, try to improve their facility management by reducing the maintenance cost as well as sharing the resource. Most of the major corporations use the facility management software packages for their easiness in scheduling and management of rooms, equipment, and other shared resource.

The features of the facility maintenance software include the creation and the scheduling of all types of the maintenance jobs using the same simple interface. The regular maintenance on equipment and facilities can be planned according to specific time period, say every three months or so. It also helps in performing the maintenance jobs correctly by balancing the workloads. The facility maintenance software also tracks the maintenance costs of the different equipments automatically.

Some of the facility maintenance software packages include the financial and accounting software. These help in decreasing the lost opportunity costs and inflated expenses, and providing the relevant, accurate and timely job cost accounting information. Several other software packages offer features such as labor, and material issues tracking. Calendar based automatic preventive maintenance scheduling, employee information modules and work order management facilities are provided by a few other facility maintenance software packages.

One can choose facility maintenance software packages, which is easy to use and set up, from the Internet. There are many service providers offering even free trial versions of this software. Most of them are compatible with almost all the platforms and are widely used by a variety of organizations, both big and small for their maintenance programs. Extreme care should be taken while choosing an appropriate software package.

 

Software For Your Hard-Drive

All your software is stored on a hard-drive. But how about software FOR your hard-drive – private disks, partition managers, disk defragmenters? Here is the scoop on the latest tools.

Paragon Partition Manager

The program is suitable for both professionals and home users. Basic partitioning operations are: resize, convert, move, split, copy, and mount partitions. You can restore accidentally deleted partitions. It also offers free space redistribution and hard drive defragmenter. It lets you install several separate operating systems on one hard drive. The Paragon Boot Manager is included into the package. Smart Partition technology that performs all operations without losing a single byte of data. Supported file systems are FAT 16/32, NTFS, Ext2/3FS, and ReiserFS.

 

Dekart Private Disk creates one or more virtual disks on your hard drive and/or other external storage devices. Once a user creates a virtual encrypted disk, that disk is assigned a new drive letter and appears to the user like any other system drive (like the A: or C: drive). When the disk is mounted, the data is automatically encrypted and decrypted when the user writes or reads this data respectively. Dekart Private Disk encrypts and decrypts all data stored on the encrypted disk with virtually no performance penalty. When the disk is unmounted, either manually or by logging out of Windows, the secure data it contains becomes completely unreadable and undetectable by the operating system.
Dekart Private Disk allows you to store your information on a host of media such HDD, FDD, CD, CD/R, CD/RW, MO, MD, ZIP-disks, flash drives, all types of flash memory cards, PDAs, and even digital cameras. You have the flexibility to allow multiple users to share a single PC.

HDD Regeneration

If your hard drive is damaged by bad sectors, it is not only becomes unfit for use, but also you risk losing information stored on it. If you suspect that your hard disk drive is damaged and contains bad sectors, you have difficulties to copy data from your disk, your operating system is unstable or you unable to boot to Windows altogether – don’t rush to throw out your disk and don’t think that your important information is irretrievably lost. HDD Regenerator will regenerate your hard drive by magnetic reversal. As a result, not readable damaged information will be restored. With all this going on, the existing information will not be lost! HDD Regenerator regenerates hard disk drives exclusively at physical level. It ignores file system and can be used with FAT, NTFS or any other file system, and also with unformatted or unpartitioned disks.

 

PDF Publishing Software

downloadWhat I did not know is that the Writer (word processing) program creates PDF files too.

I have uninstalled MS Word because OpenOffice opens all my old Word Documents and I like OpenOffice better than MS Word.

How To Create a PDF File for Free

After OpenOffice is installed, open any Word document or create a new document with the OpenOffice Word processor.

Now simply click the PDf creator button located on the Function Bar.

Another way to do this is to select Export As pdf from the File Menu.

That’s all there is to it.

Generate PDF for Free or pay $95

The created PDF document is a regular PDF file except it has no bells and whistles. This is a bare bones PDF Creator.

For example, hyperlinks do not work within the PDF file and I have not figured out how to create the handy navigation menu. For this you will need to buy the full version PDF Writer from Adobe.

But what the hell, I have seen DOC to PDF converters selling for as much as $95 and they too have the same limitations as OpenOffice.

 

Computer Software Definition

What is Software?

Software is a set of instruction written on the interface between man and machine.

Who writes these instructions?

Programmers write these instructions.

How do the programmers write the instructions /software?

They use computer languages to write software applications.

Software can be divided into three main categories:

Languages
Applications
Operating Systems (OS)

LANGUAGE:

It is one of the software types use to write extensive applications and operating systems. It did not contain any limitations in programming. By using the languages you can write any thing for a computer.

For instance just imagine a language like a piece of cloth with that you want to make a shirt or paint curtain for windows or door, than you will take that cloth to the tailor and have him made for you or if you know tailoring you can stitch it at home.

Where as: Cloth is Computer Language
Tailor is Computer programmer
Shirt/Paint is Computer application

Example of languages are:

C
C++
Fortran
Cobol
Pascal
Perl
Assembly Language
Machine Language
Java

APPLICATION:

Software applications are user friendly and most of the time it is custom made for the end-user. Because it serving a specific purpose so it is having its own limits and bounds. It will not work beyond its bounding, for example if you want design picture in a word editor you may not able to get the result according to your desire.

Following are the different categories of applications

– Database Applications
– Front End Applications
– Reports Applications
– Word Editors
– Spread Sheets Editors
– Application for presentation
– Graphics Designing Application
– CAD designing Application
– Computer Games
– SCADA Applications

Some of the popular Applications are:

Oracle
MSoffice (Word,Excel,Access,PowerPoint,Outlook, etc.)
VB
VC++
Autocad

OPERATING SYSTEM:

This is the interface between user and computer or man and machine. This is the main and mandatory software in computer. Without Operating System (OS) computer will never starts. It is the mediator between you as an user and computer.

Think that you are suppose to talk to a person who does not understand your language. What you will do in this situation? Off course you take the help of person who knows both yours and other person’s language, he is the mediator. And that’s what the computer Operating System is doing.

It is very interesting that the thing from which OS has comes out still require OS to run on. In other words all languages and applications require a platform which is nothing but OS. So that conclusion on any computer first should have OS than you can have language or application on it.

Example of some of the Operating Systems:

Windows
Unix
Apple Mach
Ban
VMS
RS
OS2
IRIX
AIX
HP-UX

I hope you like this article. I am trying my best to provide you the simplest information.

Please feel free to comment. Your suggestions and comments are appreciated and helps me to improve the quality of the information.

Author is the owner of Computer Learning Center website. Where people learn basic and advance computers. Also they learn about how to make money by using their home based computers.